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Water Resources Mapping along the Jilango /Shabel-Dulla Areas of Laghdera Subcounty in Northern Kenya

AUTHORS: Dr Meshack Owira Amimo

ABSTRACT: The Jilango and Shabel-Dulla areas are located in the Laghdera Sub- County of Garissa County, in North Eastern Kenya, on the fringes of the distal Merti aquifer. Water scarcity has been the number one factor contributing to the immense levels of poverty in the pastoralist centre. The resident inhabitants are of the nomadic-pastoralist lifestyles, raising livestock such as camels, goats and cows, for upkeep. The settlements are six kilometers apart and this is a deliberate effort by the villagers to live near the seasonal River Jilango, within whose beds the residents have sunk several sand wells to get water for their domestic use, and also, on a limited extent, to get little water for their livestock, mainly the sheep and goats. The water resources quality, ease of availability and priority ranking in the study area were undertaken using field traverse along the river channels and also via geophysical mapping in the selected sites in the neighborhood of the riverbed. Priority ranking was pegged upon the ready availability and cost effective way of getting water into the villages for use, for both domestic- and livestock- watering purposes. In areas where groundwater potential was inferred using Geophysical mapping, it became paramount that the study gets to estimate the water quality expected from the yet-to-be-drilled proposed well points. Groundwater potential estimation was also undertakRead more en using field geophysics and GIS, as well as the Decision Tree algorithms in R software packages. Precision and sensitivity analysis of the data was also undertaken using the python Softwares and returned favorable results for the techniques employed. Feasibility for Wells, Earthpans, Springs and piped water from Baraki Centre were all considered, in terms of how much each option would cost to the community. This involved physical transects and meetings with members of the public in the proposed locality. From the table so prepared, it was decided to rank groundwater as number two priority source, mainly for use by r livestock and an earthpan as number one for human domestic usages, based on water quality and other factors considered. The study shows the priority ranking of water resources in the study area as well as the fact that predicted groundwater quality is of inferior order, and recommends the designing and construction of a big storage dam to aid domestic water supply. This shall complement the available aquifer water which, though saline and of low discharge, can be tolerated by the livestock. Equally deduced from the study is the fact the decision tree algorithm is a useful hydrological assessment tool, as it was used to a degree of over 90 percent precision levels, in predicting the water quality that will be encountered in the locality, once the new well water is drilled. Read less



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Teachers’ Practices in Dealing with Anxiety and their Work Commitment Amidst Pandemic in the Special Geographical Area of MBHTE-BARMM

AUTHORS: Muhaima M. Balayanan, Husna T. Lumapenet & Musa M. Tagal

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate teachers’ practices in dealing with anxiety towards work commitment in times of pandemic among selected public elementary schools in the 63 Barangays under Special Geographical Area of MBHTE-BARMM. This study utilized descriptive-correlational research designs. The data of the study revealed that teachers were having awareness about COVID-19 and practicing information disseminatioRead more n strategies to prevent, control the pandemic and promote positive behavior and health to address their fear and anxiety in times of COVID-19 pandemic. Despite of the pandemic, the teachers were committed to their school, teaching, students and to their profession. Furthermore, the study revealed that the teachers’ practices in dealing with their anxiety is associated to their work commitment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read less



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Attitude of TTI Rangjung trainees towards TVET in Bhutan

AUTHORS: Sonam Wangdi

ABSTRACT: Anchored on qualitative research paradigm using online interview method involving15 sampled trainees via emails, this study attempted to find out what beliefs and feelings respondents had for TVET before joining TTI- Rangjung, how do they feel now as their training goes on and what do they aspire to be after graduating from here.TVET is not considered as mainstream career choice by young people, job seekers and society at large. Despite thestigma and belief that TVET leads to second class profession, this study found that both children and parents’ attitude towards TVET has changed from negative to positive.This study also found that TVET indeed provides skills and enhances their employability. Trainees are happy in the institute and they have gained confidence for self-employment and developRead more ed great aspiration to go abroad for work. This should only contribute lifting the image of TVET. “TVET is poor man’s college”!This is an interesting finding.I define it as, “let rich go to other universities, poor are not deprived of a college”. There is TVET (TTIs) as their university which is equally important. Equipping the institute with enough latest tools and equipment should be an immediate important task for both the institute and theMoLHR. Capacity building of trainers is another finding that calls for consistent support.Conducting more advocacy programs will make society better aware of the importance of TVET. Introducing higher level courses will also improve quality, speed and relevance of TVET.The minimum entry qualification should also be raised to class XII from class Read less



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Isolation of Pathogenic Bacteria on injury site of the Skin and the assessment of antimicrobial resistance pattern among patients living in Birnin Kebbi city, Kebbi State Nigeria


ABSTRACT: This study was carried out with the aim of isolating bacterial pathogens from wound infection as well as assessing the antimicrobial resistance pattern, with emphasis of assessing multiple drugs resistance pathogenic bacteria. Random sampling techniques was used to generate Data of detecting pathogens and their antimicrobial resistivity of the bacterial pathogens species in infected wounds specimens including buruli ulcer, watery substances derided tissues, aspirates and swabs received from people living with wounds around Birnin kebbi city, from September 2021 to January 2022). Out of sixty two (62) samples of wound swabs that was investigated through Microscopy, Culturing,and Sensitivity for Microbiological assessment of Bacterial pathogens from wound infection. 46(75.85%) shows bacterial growth and 16(24.1%) of the samples turns out to be negative (no growth of bacterial pathogens was observed). Bacterial pathogens isolated from specimens, 17 (27.4%) Read more indicates the growth of S. aureus, 10(16.1%) indicates E. coli growth, 8( 12.9%) indicates growth of pseudomonas spp, 3(4.8%) for Klebsiella spp, 3(4.8%) for Proteus 1(1.6%) for Stresptococcus spp , 1(1.6%) for Enterobacter spp, and 3(4.8%) for Citrobacter spp. Wound infection according to gender , out of the sixty two (62) samples, Male patients recorded the highest with 36( 58.0%) of bacterial growth followed by 26(41.9%) indicating the bacterial growth for the female patients. The bacterial isolated from wound include Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, pseudomonas, Enterobacter are resistance to Amoxicillin while Proteus, Citrobacter, E. coli and Enterobacter were highly resistant to Pefloxacin and Cefotaxime. The treatment of wound infection with antibiotics without completing the dosage results to the transformation of certain bacterial to secret enzymes that will be inactivating antimicrobial substance enabling the growth certain organisms. Read less



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Images of Hope and Despair among Moroccan Diasporic Enclaves Featured in Zakia Khairhoum’s the End of My Dangerous Secret

AUTHORS: Abdelali Jebbar

ABSTRACT: The paper explores predominant themes of diaspora in Zakia Khairoum’s novel, Nihayat Sirri L-Khateer [The End of My Dangerous Secret]. Taking into account that most Moroccan diasporic literary works share the transnational concern about mediating the voices of subalternised and marginalized identities within both the borders of their ancestral home and the contact zones forged abroad, I find Khairhoum’s novel pertaining to the category of Moroccan diasporic literature as it features a dynamic site where different Arab national spheres intersect, playing a crucial part in reproducing and transformingRead more the diasporic subject. The novel revolves around the protagonist, Ghalia, with mobility that is replete with miscellaneous themes, overarched with a tendency to denounce the austere patriachal tradition in the homeland, with no disdain or lack of faith in the tenet of her own culture. The dimensions of mobility and locality map out a course of analysis that focuses on themes of hope and despaire, opening a window of opportunity for investigating forms of cultural encounters that are of paramount importance for understanding the types of constant reproduction and change affecting the concept of diaspora. Read less



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Different aspects of Education in Human Development

AUTHORS: Debanand Ray

ABSTRACT: Through this chapter it is aimed to know the Human Development. The human being develops various sector- social, spiritual, cultural, emotional, legal, intellectual etc. In this development process depends on education. Importance of education in every human life is most significant. Human development process also depends on human resource. Human resource means- knowledge, skill, attitude, intelligence, creativity and so on. Human resource plays a significant role to develop a human being globally. Education enriches people’s understanding of themselves and the world. It improves the quality of their lives and leads to board social benefit to inRead more dividuals and society. Education raises people’s productivity and creativity and technological advances. It plays a crucial role in securing economic and social progress and improved income distribution all of which can be acquired by developing professional, social and communication skill through education. Human are think differently in different situation. So, human development process is continuous. In human development process role of society and education both most important and depends each other. Human is a social animal and he/she can develop through education. So, role of education is playing a significant role to development the human Read less



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ISSN (Online): 2833-7298
ISSN (Print): 2833-7301


SJIF: 7.045
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