Growth and Performance of MSMEs in Poonch District: Prospective and Challenges
ABSTRACT:The purpose of this paper to explore the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in one of the backward district (Poonch) of Jammu and Kashmir UT. The paper represents the performance of MSMEs and also discussed various problems faced by these units in the district. The paper is prepared after a deep literature review and finding a research gap. It is based on the secondary data collected from the District Industries Center (Poonch).
The study is based on thetime series data of 17 years, compound annual growth rate and multiple regression analysis is used to analyse the data. The study found that there is a significant relationship between Employment and Number of Units, Investment and Production. The study also discusses the various problems faced by MSMEs in the study area and also suggests measures to improve it.
MEDIA AND POLITICS: POLITICAL COMMUNICATION IN THE DIGITAL AGE
This chapter simply discussed how political communication has been carried out in this age of social media. Political communication is the communication of political ideologies by the political communicator to the audience who happen to be the electorates. Like the regular communication process, it also uses both the traditional media and the new media. Politicians however, have started employing fake news and hate speech in the content of their political messages. Fake speech are of three types: misinformation, disinformation and malinformation. With more and more people relying on social media for as a source for news, there are worries that such content could influence audiences unable to distinguish truth from fact or news from propaganda.
From television to radio, to cinemas, to music, to newspaper, books, social media, etc., politicians use everything and anything to communicate to their audience. Politicians employ political advertising to reach out to their teeming supporters and followers. These political advertising are incorporated with adverting jingles (especially on radio). The basic elements of political communication are: ideology, propaganda and persuasion. The researcher however, concluded that politicians, not only in Nigerian, but the world over, although they are much in Nigeria, have taken political communication and its approach to a totally different and negative height by employing hate speech and fake news in their campaign messages. Rather than taking their time to inform the electorates of their plans for them and how they wish to achieve it, they spend all day and energy on insulting and de-marketing the opponents through hate speech and fake news. They don’t stop there, they also make inciting posts on social media which often leaves their gullible followers to be at loggerheads all the time.
Formulation of Wild Sunflower (Tithoniadiversifolia) – Based Compost in La Trinidad, Benguet, Philippines
ABSTRACT:Compost is a simple way of creating what scientists call a positive feedback loop. This study was conducted to determine the pH, N, P, and moisture content; the number of days to decomposition; the percent recovery of composted substrates; and the return on cash expense of producing the formulated sunflower-based compost.
The substrates used in the study were wild sunflower, grass, alnus leaves and banana bract. These were composted until it becomes recognizable. The grass, alnus leaves, and banana bract are constant in weight which is 10 kg each, only the sunflower varied in rate. Different rates of wild sunflower in the treatments were the following: T1=10 kg, T2=20 kg, T3=30 kg, T4=40 kg and T5=50 kg.
Results showed that chemical and moisture contents of formulated wild sunflower-based compost were not affected by the different rates of wild sunflower except N. Treatment 4 (4:1:1:1 of wild sunflower, grass, alnus leaves and banana bract) obtained the highest N content with 3.21 %. The lowest was registered from the formulation of 1:1:1:1 of wild sunflower, grass, alnus leaves and banana bract (T1) with 2.21 %.
The higher the rate of wild sunflower, the early and the higher are the number of days to decompose and the percentage of its recovery, respectively.
Treatment 5 (5:1:1:1 of wild sunflower, grass, alnus leaves and banana bract) gained a higher return on cash expense with 13.05 %.
CHINESE ‘DOLLAR’ INFLUENCEIN AFRICA, IMPLICATION FOR TAIWAN-NIGERIA TIES
ABSTRACT:The dawn of the twenty-first century begun at a time when the global population rises to over 7.2 billion people out of which Asia and Africa account for more than 60 percent of the entire figure. The China’s rapidly growing economy since 1970s, and the nature of exporting its end-goods to the global markets including in Africa coupled with the large investments in multiple sectors throughout the region confirm Sino-Africa mutual closeness in terms of trade pattern. This study aims at exploring how hardest the severance from Nigeria could generally affect Taiwan-Africa relations at a larger scale.
It nevertheless, proposes to examine how much authentic the afterthought that democracies don’t go to war,is, and whether if they go to diplomatic bust-up for economic reasons. This study concludes that the leading forces behind the Nigeria’s abrupt changing attitude towards Taiwan is China’s dollar influence. It also finalizes that the Afro-Taiwan political and diplomatic dancingmay have so much impacts on Taiwan sovereignty at the international level.
Effect of Product Innovations on Performance of small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Nairobi County, Kenya
ABSTRACT:To effectively contribute to economic development, the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) need to establish and maintain their competitiveness. The purpose of this study is to establish the effect of product innovations on performance of small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Nairobi county, Kenya. The study was anchored in the Resource Based theory and Diffusion Innovation theory. The study used positivism research philosophy and explanatory research design. A representative sample of 254 managers or owner managers was selected from manufacturing SMEs registered under Kenya Association of Manufacturers using stratified random sampling. Structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. The study collected both qualitative and quantitative data.The questionnaire was pre-tested to ensure its validity and reliability. The data collected was tested for the assumptions of various analytical models upon which the most appropriate was selected. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used in analyzing the data. Linear regressions were used to establish the effect of independent variable on dependent variable. A linear regression model was used to explore the relationship between product innovations and firm performance. From the model, the product innovationsaccount for 26.3% (R2=.263) variation in firm performance.
The study findings depicted that there was a positive significant relationship between product innovations and firm performance(β1=0.419 and p(0.05). The product innovations had a significant effect on firm performance. The study concluded that product innovations have a significant effect on performance of small and medium manufacturing enterprises. For every adoption of product innovation, there was a corresponding increase in performance of small and medium manufacturing enterprises in Nairobi County. The management of small-medium manufacturing enterprises should encourage product innovation within the industry. It should exercise due diligence in its mandate to protect consumers, but at the same time ensure that its policies do not stifle the growth and creativity.