LIVESTOCK SUSTAINABILITY: HAEMOPARASITIC STATUS OF CATTLE IN ABATTOIR
ABSTRACT:Beef accounts for nearly half of all meat consumed globally, so cattle play an important role in the meat supply and livestock industry. The reduction in cattle productivity is of a global concern. Therefore, the study aimed to investigate the haemoparasitic status of cattle in the abattoir of Adodo Ota, Ogun State Nigeria in other to assess and promote food and livestock sustainability. Sixty (60) blood samples were taken at random from the slaughtered and jugular veins of 60 cattle. Thin film was made, air dried then fixed in 100% methanol for 60 seconds, and stained with quality grade 10% Giemsa stain, slides were viewed under ×40 and ×100 power of a binocular microscope at Omega Medical Diagnostics Laboratory. Heamoparasites intensity in cattle indicates 25% (15) infection with E. wenyoni, 11.7% (07) infection with H. bovis, 16.7% (10) infection with mixed parasites of Eperythrozoon and Haemobartonella while 8.3% (05) accounting for the lowest percentage infection with T. congolense. High haemoparasitic prevalence was seen in Cows 70% than Bull 57.5%. Heamoparaitic status of cattle from the study signifies that haemoparasites remain one the biggest threat to food and livestock sustainability, and a continuous source of veterinary and public health concern.